English

The English Department at Winona Senior High School is a top-notch, seasoned group of faculty members. Students are given the opportunity to refine their writing skills, to study and appreciate a breadth of literature and to expand their literacy. The menu of course offerings--required and elective--is vast.

9th Grade

Expanded English 9

This course is intended to help increase reading skills. Basic units in writing, literature and spelling are also taught. Students will take this course based on test scores and teacher recommendation

English 9

This course is required of all ninth grade students and is composed of basic units in writing and literature, including the short story, Romeo and Juliet, and excerpts from The Odyssey. Emphasis is given to methods of paragraph organization and descriptive writing. Spelling and vocabulary are also taught and parts of speech reviewed.

Honors English 9

This pre-AP course is designed for students who plan to participate in honors-level classes in high school and pursue a four-year degree. Middle school teachers’ recommendations and appropriate standardized test scores are predictors of success. Emphasis is given to reading, writing, and critical thinking skills through the studies of Romeo and Juliet, selected short stories, Lord of the Flies, Feed, excerpts from The Iliad and The Odyssey, extensive essay writing, and a unit in descriptive writing, including parts of speech.

10th Grade

Basic English 10

This course is required for those students who took Expanded English 9 or for those students for whom reading comprehension is difficult. Composed of basic units in writing, literature, and speaking, the course introduces students to significant modern and contemporary American authors through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well as selections from the literary canon. The course will develop writing and thinking skills through assignments in paragraphs and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary building, and speech construction. Students will also increase knowledge and performance of basic communication skills by creating and performing speeches of both expository and persuasive types.

English 10

This course is required of all tenth grade students and is composed of basic units in writing, literature, and speaking. The course introduces students to significant modern and contemporary American authors through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well as selections from the literary canon. The course will develop writing and thinking skills through assignments in paragraphs and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary building, and speech construction. Students will also increase knowledge and performance of basic communication skills by creating and performing speeches of both expository and persuasive types.

Honors English 10

Recommended for students who have self-selected honors level English in the past, or for those who have received teacher recommendation to move up to the honors level. This course is composed of basic units in writing, literature, and speaking. The course introduces students to significant modern and contemporary American authors through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well as selections from the literary canon. The course will develop writing and thinking skills through assignments in paragraphs and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary building, and speech construction. Students will increase knowledge and performance of basic communication skills by creating and performing speeches of both expository and persuasive types.

11th Grade

Required Writing (Choose One)

Practical English 11

This course is designed for students planning to enter the workforce upon graduation, enter the military, or attend a two-year college. This course fulfills the two-term writing requirement in the junior year. Practical writing experiences are stressed throughout both terms with the first term focusing on grammar, sentence structure, and shorter writings. The second term focuses on essay writing.

Language and Composition

This course is designed for students planning to attend a four-year college/university. It integrates grammar with expository, persuasive, and impromptu writing. Focus is on developing a more mature writing style for target audiences.

AP Language and Composition

This course, designed as a precursor and companion to the AP Literature and Composition course offered during the senior year, provides rigorous training in two primary areas-the rhetorical analysis of nonfiction prose texts and the writing of academic essays. College-bound students will practice crafting original arguments in response to prompts, using source material to support arguments, and wielding rhetorical terms in making skilled analyses. In addition to undergoing extensive practice sessions in writing to timed prompts, students will also complete several fully-drafted essays in which they refine stylistic strategies and utilize correct mechanics. Students will read numerous texts in a variety of genres. In addition, students will prepare for and take the national Advanced Placement English Language and Composition Examination, which determines college credit and/or advanced placement eligibility. Successful completion of class requirement requires participation in both/all terms. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day.

Electives

Advanced Speech

Using multi-media approaches, students will continue to build on the speech skills mastered in English 10 and will develop skills necessary for the twenty-first century communicator. Emphasis will be on organizing, preparing, analyzing, and delivering several speech presentations, such as special occasion speeches, original oratory, oral interpretation, discussion, and debate.

American Greats

Students will gain an awareness and knowledge of some of America's greatest authors from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson. The course will center on the philosophies, culture, and writing styles of our early American writers. Students will develop their thinking and writing skills through required reading, discussion of the authors' works, and analytical essay writing.

Contemporary Teen Literature

This course promotes lifelong reading by matching students with novels or nonfiction works that appeal specifically to their interests. Students will read five full-length works, primarily found within (but not limited to) the Teen Literature Library of contemporary literature written for and about teenagers. For each of these works, students will complete a dialectical journal; this assignment, along with a final project, accounts for most of the course grade. Students will also complete book summaries, book reviews, and freewrites. Students will practice speaking, listening, and dialectical skills by participating in frequent discussions and by viewing the five films that match the five course concepts.

Creative Writing

Creative writers will study and practice the techniques of successful writers while keeping a free-writing journal and writing poetry, short stories, and essays. Focus is on experimenting with numerous techniques and forms, along with sharing and critiquing of writing in small groups and individually. A final portfolio of best writing pieces culminates the course. Please note: This course is an English elective; it does NOT fulfill the junior or senior writing requirement. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day. For more information see a department representative. (This course meets the Fine Arts Requirement.)

Cultural Voices

Students will experience a variety of multicultural literature from and about major ethnic groups within the United States that will foster acceptance and understanding of differences free of stereotype and bias. Reading (a minimum of four novels), essay writing, listening, films, and small/large group activities will develop the critical thinking skills of interpretation, analysis, and synthesis.

Honors American Greats

This course for 4-year-college-bound students introduces major early American authors from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson. Students will study the philosophies of these writers, including Puritanism, Classicism, Romanticism, Transcendentalism, and Realism. Students will also analyze the cultural periods and the writing styles of these authors. This course is designed for upperability students who want to improve both thinking and writing skills through discussions and through expressive, interpretive, and critical writing assignments. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day.

Mass Communications

This course is designed to examine the role of mass media in society. Students will study the areas of newspaper, radio, television, magazines, and advertising. Ultimately, discussion centers around how each area influences and affects all of us and the world in which we live. Reading, writing, discussion, and performing are all necessary to succeed in this class. A major project in one of the studied areas culminates the course.

World Literature (Sumerian through Middle Ages)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of sophomore English. This class for 4-year college-bound students will examine the development of literature beginning with Sumerian Literature and continuing through Middle Ages. Definition and comparison of concepts among cultures and time periods will be central to charting the development of literary types and ideas. It will be offered alternating years with World Literature 1383. Grading is done primarily through discussions, writing assignments, and tests. This course is designed for upper ability students who want to improve both thinking and writing skills through discussion and through writing assignments.

12th Grade

Required Writing (Choose One)

AP Literature and Composition

This College Board approved collaboratively designed literature and composition course engages students in careful reading and critical analysis of literature, both classic and modern. Through the close reading of selected texts, students should deepen their understanding of diction and syntax and how writers use both to establish meaning for their readers. The dialoguing of rhetoric is crucial to the understanding of the curriculum, and therefore, is expected and assessed. In addition, students prepare for and take the National Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition Examination, which determines college credit and/or advanced placement eligibility. Successful completion of class requirement requires participation in both/all terms. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day.

Introduction to College Writing

Students must earn at least a “C” average in the two terms of Language and Composition in order to be successful in this course. Learn what it takes to prepare for a variety of college writing assignments, including a full-length novel analysis essay. Analyze, critically think, and organize your written ideas as you manipulate language options and develop a more sophisticated writing style.

Practical English 12

This course is designed for students who are planning to attend technical college or go straight into the work force or the military. The focus of this class is to develop skills in various types of writing including a researched and documented paper and business communications such as resumes, applications, and letters of application.

Research Writing

Students must earn at least a “C” average in the 2 terms of Language and Composition in order to be successful in this course. Building on skills acquired in Language and Composition, students will develop the skills necessary for completing a research paper. Experiencing the full process required to complete a research paper will give students the necessary background. Students will come to understand how a research paper differs from a report by identifying, evaluating, and integrating sources, by integrating research into a comprehensive paper, and by formatting a paper using standard style guidelines. These guidelines cover pagination, documentation styles, and bibliographic standards.

Electives

Advanced Speech

Using multi-media approaches, students will continue to build on the speech skills mastered in English 10 and will develop skills necessary for the twenty-first century communicator. Emphasis will be on organizing, preparing, analyzing, and delivering several speech presentations, such as special occasion speeches, original oratory, oral interpretation, discussion, and debate.

American Greats

Students will gain an awareness and knowledge of some of America's greatest authors from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson. The course will center on the philosophies, culture, and writing styles of our early American writers. Students will develop their thinking and writing skills through required reading, discussion of the authors' works, and analytical essay writing.

Contemporary Teen Literature

This course promotes lifelong reading by matching students with novels or nonfiction works that appeal specifically to their interests. Students will read five full-length works, primarily found within (but not limited to) the Teen Literature Library of contemporary literature written for and about teenagers. For each of these works, students will complete a dialectical journal; this assignment, along with a final project, accounts for most of the course grade. Students will also complete book summaries, book reviews, and freewrites. Students will practice speaking, listening, and dialectical skills by participating in frequent discussions and by viewing the five films that match the five course concepts.

Creative Writing

Creative writers will study and practice the techniques of successful writers while keeping a free-writing journal and writing poetry, short stories, and essays. Focus is on experimenting with numerous techniques and forms, along with sharing and critiquing of writing in small groups and individually. A final portfolio of best writing pieces culminates the course. Please note: This course is an English elective; it does NOT fulfill the junior or senior writing requirement. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day. For more information see a department representative. (This course meets the Fine Arts Requirement.)

Cultural Voices

Students will experience a variety of multicultural literature from and about major ethnic groups within the United States that will foster acceptance and understanding of differences free of stereotype and bias. Reading (a minimum of four novels), essay writing, listening, films, and small/large group activities will develop the critical thinking skills of interpretation, analysis, and synthesis.

Honors American Greats

This course for 4-year-college-bound students introduces major early American authors from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson. Students will study the philosophies of these writers, including Puritanism, Classicism, Romanticism, Transcendentalism, and Realism. Students will also analyze the cultural periods and the writing styles of these authors. This course is designed for upperability students who want to improve both thinking and writing skills through discussions and through expressive, interpretive, and critical writing assignments. This course may require participation in activities outside of the regular school day.

Mass Communications

This course is designed to examine the role of mass media in society. Students will study the areas of newspaper, radio, television, magazines, and advertising. Ultimately, discussion centers around how each area influences and affects all of us and the world in which we live. Reading, writing, discussion, and performing are all necessary to succeed in this class. A major project in one of the studied areas culminates the course.

World Literature (Sumerian through Middle Ages)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of sophomore English. This class for 4-year college-bound students will examine the development of literature beginning with Sumerian Literature and continuing through Middle Ages. Definition and comparison of concepts among cultures and time periods will be central to charting the development of literary types and ideas. It will be offered alternating years with World Literature 1383. Grading is done primarily through discussions, writing assignments, and tests. This course is designed for upper ability students who want to improve both thinking and writing skills through discussion and through writing assignments.

ELL

English Learners (EL) Levels 1-3

Prerequisite: Placement by EL teacher

This course is for students with no English language proficiency or beginning-level proficiency. Overall ACCESS scores should be in the 1.0 - 3.0 (Entering-Developing) range. Students will develop their English language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Curriculum is based on individual proficiency levels and student need. Required English credit or elective credit will be determined according to grade. Students should be registered for all four terms (4 credits).

English Learners (EL) Levels 3-4

Prerequisite: Placement by EL teacher

This course is for students with overall ACCESS scores in the Level 3-4 (Developing Expanding) range. Students will develop their English language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Curriculum is based on individual proficiency levels and student need. Required English credit or elective credit will be determined according to grade. Students should be registered for all four terms (4 credits).

English Learners (EL) Levels 4-5

Prerequisite: Placement by EL teacher

This course is for students with overall ACCESS scores in the 4-5 (Expanding Bridging) range. Students will develop their English language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Curriculum is based on individual proficiency levels and student need. Required English credit or elective credit will be determined according to grade. Students should be registered for all four terms (2 credits).

English Learners (EL) Levels 1-3 Academic Support

Prerequisite: Placement by EL teacher

This course is for students with overall ACCESS scores in the 1-3 (Entering Developing) range. Students with an ACCESS score below 4.0 in any one domain may also be registered in this class to receive support. Students will develop their English language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will receive academic support in their other classes, with the help of interpreters when available. Curriculum is based on individual proficiency levels and student need. Required English credit or elective credit will be determined according to grade. Students should be registered for all four terms (2 credits).

Laura Armstrong

English
Winona Senior High School

Kristin Bergaus

English
Winona Senior High School

Adrien Everest

English
Winona Senior High School

Adam Matson

English
Winona Senior High School

Sundra Menton

English
Winona Senior High School

Theresa Pearson

English
Winona Senior High School

Maeve Peterson

English
Winona Senior High School